Rotten potatoes: Smell, Poison, Health risks and More | Trace wellness

Friday, August 30, 2019

Rotten potatoes: Smell, Poison, Health risks and More

Rotten potatoes

Potatoes are sweet, east to cook and offer different recipes. But when potatoes are not stored correctly, the result is rotten potatoes toxic gas. Rotten potatoes smell bad and they can make you sick. However, with the help of straightforward preventive measures, the damage can be minimized.
rotten-potatoes
Rotten-potatoes
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Potatoes are the most consumed vegetable in the United States. They are delicious, low in calories, and can be baked, roasted, mashed, or fried. 

Before going in any description, In this article by Trace wellness, We will discuss"


      Rotten potatoes toxic gas


      The toxic gas produced from rotten potatoes contains much amount of glycoalkaloids. Glycoalkaloids are found in potatoes is needed by plants to protect themselves from pests and diseases. 

      For humans, this substance is toxic. If it is inhaled, even in a smaller amount can cause serious health problems and even death.

      Glycoalkaloids found in potatoes are in the peel, sprouts, and especially in the tops and stems. It is also around the place of damage as well as on green areas.




      The green color on potato tubers appears under the influence of sunlight. The concentration of chlorophyll increases and sprouting of potatoes happens. The result is the production of solanine(glycoalkaloids) is also activated. Therefore, such areas need to be cleaned along with the peel.

      How toxic gas from rotten potatoes killed a family.


      If you have rotten potatoes at home, they can be deadly. A Russian family discovered this in the most unfortunate way.

      On Saturday, September 14, a tragedy occurred in the Kusinsky district of the Chelyabinsk region - four people were killed, including a teenager of 16 years old due to rotten potatoes.

      The family had stored potatoes in the basement. The old potatoes were so scorched that they become poisonous.

      Father went down to the cellar to pick up potatoes. He did not return for a long time. Then mom came down to check what happened, but she suffered the same fate. Brother Mary had no choice but to check the basement too. He did not return either. Grandmother, fearing an unknown danger, called for help from her neighbors.

      However, before they arrived, she also decided to see what happened. She also could not return!

      There was no serial killer in the basement. Instead, the culprits were poisonous fumes emitted by rotting potatoes. A little-known fact about these conventional root crops is that if they spoil, they emit a chemical called a glycoalkaloid.

      It is toxic by inhalation. This chemical has caused the mysterious and tragic death of Maria Chelysheva's family. 

      Mary also went downstairs, but she did not suffer the same fate as her relatives. Why not? Because, fortunately, the grandmother left the door open.

      A certain amount of toxic fumes from rotting potatoes managed to weather. Although she survived, Mary remained an orphan and moved to other relatives. Unfortunately, many people are not aware of the danger associated with rotten potatoes.


      What do rotten potatoes smell like?

        Once I left a bag of potatoes and went out of town. It liquified and made its way out of the bag. Disposing this bag and cleaning up the rotten potatoes liquid trail. I hate even thinking about it.




        Rotten potatoes smell really bad. It is the worst odor I have ever encountered. They smelled like a dead body. Those don't smell like dead bodies, they are more likely to smell like poop all over the place.

          What is the poisoning effects of the rotten potatoes?


          The potatoes contain Solanine (Glycoalkaloids), the poisoning component solanine is also known as potato toxin.

          But its content is shallow (0.005% - 0.01%), which is not enough to cause poisoning. However, in rotten potatoes, the content of Solanine in the shoots and buds can be as high as 0.3% - 0.5%. 

          If a healthy human body ingests 0.2-0.4 grams of Solanine, it can cause acute sprouting potato poisoning.


          Can rotten potatoes make you sick?


          Rotten potatoes can make you sick because of the toxicity effect. The amount of solanine in green, sprouted, and rotten potato is much higher as compared to fresh and healthy potatoes. 

          The best way is to avoid eating green or rotten potatoes. If enough solanine is eaten, you may notice: 





          First itching or burning sensation in the throat, Burning or pain in the upper abdomen, Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrheaRotten potato poisoning symptoms begin about 2 to 4 hours after eating.

          Can rotten potatoes Kill you?


          Deep poisoning may cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and blood pressure due to severe vomiting and diarrhea. Besides, often accompanied by dizziness, headache, mild disturbance of consciousness, and finally death due to heart failure, respiratory center paralysis. 

          So it can be said that rotten potatoes can kill you in case of severe and acute poisoning.

          Why rotten potatoes smell toxic?


          The rotten potatoes smell toxic because of glycoalkaloids. Glycoalkaloids are a group of natural compounds that are commonly found in the Solanaceae family, including potatoes. 

          It is needed by potatoes to protect themselves from pests attack and diseases. But it smells toxic and acts as a poison for humans.


          If one potato is rotten, are they all bad?


          If you have one rotten potato in the bag, other potatoes can be used and safe to eat if they are fresh and hard. You can throw away the rotten potato in your trash, and this will keep the rot from spreading and spoiling the whole bag.




          If the rotting of potatoes occurred due to bacterial and viral attacks, then it is better to waste all of them. To understand the reason for the rotting of potatoes, you should carefully read (Why do potatoes rot) at the end of this article by Tracewellness

          Can you eat sprouted potatoes?


          If sprouting potatoes are still hard to touch and they don't look too wrinkly and shriveled. Remove the sprouted parts, and you can eat them. 

          But avoid very shriveled or wrinkled potatoes as they can make you sick. They are not only unpalatable, but they are also toxic.

          What should I do with rotten potatoes?


          Rotten potatoes should be wasted without any further delay because they can affect other fresh potatoes.

          In case you have rotten potatoes at home, air the room instantly, cover your mouth and nose to avoid inhalation of the poisoning component solanine, and throw them outside your home in a sealed trash bag.

          Remember: Without safety measures, rotten potatoes toxic gas can make a person unconscious if they've inhaled enough. This can lead to serious health risks and possibly even death.






          Why do potatoes rot?

          Potatoes rot is caused by different types of infection.

          Rotting of potatoes by bacterial infections


          The disease affects tubers, stems, leaves, and stolons. When the tuber is cut, rot is visible, which is located around the circumference. The disease is widespread and destroys up to half the crop. 





          Affected tubers can transmit the disease for several generations without symptoms. The disease spreads when harvesting through damage to the skin of the tubers.

          Rotting of potatoes by brown bacterial (quarantine disease)


          Since 2011, the causative agent of the disease has been found on food potatoes from warm countries. Infection occurs through the root system. The first sign is the sudden withering of leaves, branches, and the whole plant. 

          The tuber turns brown and softens the vascular ring. During storage, the pulp is converted to dark mucus.

          Potato wet rotting


          Potato wet rot spreads quickly when stored in a warm and humid room with insufficient ventilation. Damp rot - penetrates tubers through cuts, scratches, or cracks in the peel that occur when potatoes are affected by various types of scab.

          Dry rotting of potatoes

          Fusarium (dry rot) is a disease that develops during storage of tubers. Dry rot of potatoes affects tubers in the field, but the disease appears only during storage. 

          First, greyish-brown folds appear on them, then the flesh of the potato becomes loose. And finally, the tissue dries, cavities with fluffy mycelium appear inside. Fusarium potatoes in storage are transmitted only to tubers with damaged peels.

          Ring rotten potatoes 


          A tuber girdles a wide yellow ring of infected tissue. The disease is dangerous because a diseased tuber is almost impossible to distinguish from a healthy one. Rotten patches of pulp are visible only on the cut of potatoes.


          How to store potatoes so they will not rot?


          Michigan State University Extension recommends checking stored potatoes regularly to avoid them from rotting and turning green. 

          We all know how bad, rotten potatoes smell. But often we are forced to store it not in the basement or cellar, but in a city apartment. So here are some ways to store potatoes at home.



          How to store potatoes at home? If potatoes are fresh, they should be held for two to three weeks in a dry, dark, well-ventilated place, like in a garage. If there is no garage, it can be an entrance hall or a loggia in the apartment. 


          Maybe in a room that is constantly aired, such a tragic ending does not await us, but methane fumes can be harmful to our health, having a harmful effect on the respiratory organs and the cardiovascular system. To avoid this, you should store the potatoes correctly! 

          It is necessary to sort out the tubers, as some of them may be affected by late blight. You can find out about this by dark spots. When the tubers are dry, they should be stored in the coolest place, for example, in the pantry, in a dry and dark cabinet.

          Do not put potatoes near the battery - as soon as the heating is turned on, they will become soft and germinate. 

          The best option for storing potatoes is a wooden box with double walls and a lid, lined with sawdust, shavings, or polystyrene foam from the inside. At the bottom, it can be laid straw - it absorbs moisture perfectly. 

          The box can be placed near the balcony or under the window. In the latter case, it is necessary to keep the window open. The optimum temperature for storing potatoes is (6–10°C) degrees Celsius.

          If you are holding potatoes in a bag, it is better to choose not a plastic bag, but a bag of fabric, so that light does not penetrate there. Otherwise, the tubers will sprout. 

          Do not store potatoes in the refrigerator, as potato starch can turn into sugar, and root crops will acquire an unnaturally sweet aftertaste. 



          In addition, under the influence of light, a toxic substance, solanine, can form in potatoes. Such potatoes have a greenish tint. Root crops should be periodically sorted. Rotten potatoes need to be thrown away.




          You can store potatoes with beets. Subject to these rules, potatoes can be safely stored for up to months and not poison your life - in the literal sense of the word!

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